April 17, 2024

A recent survey executed by this author on the World wide web for a swift, snap shot feeling of the issue make any difference, immediately exposed that you will find a point out of fairly scanty know-how of, or info about, this specific refined petroleum product or service called the In the past, among the worldwide oil sellers and suppliers. In deed, in one fairly outstanding instance involving a well known ‘Ask for Answers’ on line discussion portal, one particular reader expressly posited the query, soliciting details from the audience as to what is/was ‘the meaning’ of the petroleum term Back, between 3 other refined petroleum products, which he went on to listing – DPK, PMS, JET A1. There was just 1 response – a response that has stood the exact for 5 years due to the fact. Oddly sufficient, even so, of the 4 oil items that the answerer named, the answerer was just exact in the definition he proffered on a few of those people. But, on ONLY 1 of them, the In the past item, the remedy specified by the answerer was fairly slightly off, as he gave the definition of the product as this means ‘Automotive Fuel & Oils.’

So, 1st, we start with this primary problem: What is Ago Oil Products, or the Automotive Gas Oil?

What the Ago Oil Merchandise Is

The expression In the past, which particularly stands for the Automotive Fuel Oil, is the title provided to the gasoline kind that is used by road automobiles (cars, vehicles, buses, vans, and the like) that are powered by DIESEL engines. That is, in a term, it is the diesel automobile motor gasoline. In phrases of how the gasoline receives to be generated or produced, the gas is the type that, in the distillation and processing of crude oil operate, is obtained in the mid-boiling range of that approach. Related fuels which are applied for non-highway purposes which include off-highway diesel engines, this sort of as the Industrial Fuel Oils (IGOs), are acquired from the identical ‘fraction’ of the crude oil barrel.

Technically talking, the expression Automotive Fuel Oil (Back) is the complex title utilised by the oil industry in describing this certain gas. Having said that, in phrases of the normal buyers in the market place, the term ‘automotive diesel gas,’ or just plain ‘diesel,’ is the additional usually used and more prevalent identify that the normal consumer uses in describing this gasoline. Petroleum products and solutions are generally grouped into Three categories: the ‘light distillates’ (LPG, gasoline, naphtha), the ‘middle’ distillates (kerosene, diesel), and the ‘heavy’ distillates and residuum (major fuel oil, lubricating oils, wax, asphalt). This classification is centered mostly on the way crude oil is distilled and divided into fractions (known as distillates and residuum). Within just the oil marketplace, the generic oil marketplace name that’s utilised to describe gasoils – which consist of the two Back and IGO – tumble below the ‘Middle Distillates’ group, indicating those people sorts of refined oil products whose ‘boiling range’ slide in the Middle, that is, between all those whose variety slide in the increased concentrations or in the decreased degrees. (See the Chart underneath). As you can conveniently see in the Chart below, at a Boiling Vary of in between 520 to 650, the In the past falls proper in the center range of most groups of the refined oil solutions.

The Marketplace & Main Employs of the In the past oil Solution Amongst Its Clients

Back is utilized in two primary varieties of autos: 1) the large-duty autos, this kind of as vehicles and buses, and 2) the light-weight-obligation motor vehicles, these types of as vans and passenger automobiles. In most nations around the world, like the Usa as effectively as the creating international locations, the weighty-responsibility automobiles make up the bulk of the sector for In the past. In a region these types of as Japan, there is a substantial mild-responsibility car sector, but it is in Europe that the desire for In the past from this sector is optimum, with more than one particular-3rd coming from the passenger autos and other gentle autos. Buyer prerequisites among the two kinds of fuel utilization differ to some extent. Diesel engines are commonly utilized in weighty-responsibility automobiles. Such cars are frequently operated in fleets and are re-fuelled centrally with the fuel delivered instantly from the provider. In the gentle-duty car or truck sector, latest advances in engine design now also allow for light-obligation diesel engines to contend with gasoline engines in phrases of the effectiveness requirements. Gentle-responsibility vehicles are commonly re-fuelled through retail retailers. In any circumstance, no matter if it is in the mild-duty sector or in the heavy-obligation sector, in each sectors the shopper will typically be looking for the gas that offers economic system, energy, dependability and environmental acceptability.

Use As Car Gas

Diesel-run vehicles, this kind of as In the past-powered cars, typically have a greater gas economic system than equal gasoline engines and generate a lot less greenhouse gas emission. Their better economic climate is owing to the better vitality for every-liter content of diesel gas and the intrinsic efficiency of the diesel engine. Legitimate, petrodiesel’s increased density benefits in increased greenhouse gasoline emissions per liter in comparison to gasoline. On the other hand, the fashionable diesel-motor automobiles have a 20-40{43188a7dd839b6435400250daa1cfd1f7fa6a9f2f74b5d47d7c17eef7596ad2a} better gasoline economic system, and this effectively offsets the higher per-liter emissions of greenhouse gases, though a diesel-run car or truck emits 10-20 per cent a lot less greenhouse fuel than equivalent gasoline autos. Biodiesel-driven diesel engines present considerably enhanced emission reductions when compared to petrodiesel or gasoline-powered engines, though retaining most of the gasoline overall economy advantages above standard gasoline-run cars.

How Crude Oil Fractions Are Processed Into Refined Oil Goods, Such as In the past and Other Products and solutions

How do we get to have refined petroleum goods, of which a product like Ago is one? Place merely, it is out of the refinery processing (i.e., out of the ‘refining’) of crude oil that many other usable products – items that we usually refer to as refined or concluded petroleum goods – are generated. This means merchandise this sort of as gasoil, gasoline, kerosene, Ago, etc. The method of oil ‘refining’ or processing is a quite advanced a person, and requires each chemical reactions and physical separations. The compound which is known as Crude Oil is composed of hundreds of distinctive ‘molecules,’ and in accordance to chemical engineers and molecular experts, it would be approximately unachievable to isolate each and every molecule that exists in crude oil and therefore make concluded merchandise from just about every molecule.

As a result, the way chemists and engineers offer with this trouble, is only by them isolating the mixtures (also known as ‘fractions’) of molecules in accordance to what is acknowledged as the mixture’s “boiling stage range.” For case in point, molecules for the gasoline product could boil within the ‘range’ of from 90 to 400 oF. Whilst the vary at which the dwelling heating oil product’s molecular mixes could boil may well be from 500 to 650 oF, and so on. For applications of usefulness and simplification, each combination or fraction is assigned a distinct title to discover it.

The subsequent chart illustrates the ‘boiling range’ and identify of the petroleum fractions.


Boiling Selection,oF.

Butanes and lighter


Light straight run gasoline (LSR)

or light naphtha (LN)


Naphtha or heavy naphtha (HN)




Distillate or atmospheric gas oil (AGO)



650 +

Vacuum gas oil (VGO)


Vacuum Residua

1000 +

In sum, refined products are products that are produced by isolating the mixtures or fractions of molecules that come from the raw crude oil, and combining them, along with those from various refinery processing units. These fractions are ‘blended’ or mixed to satisfy specific properties that are important in allowing the refined product to perform in accordance with the specifications or requirements that are designed by or in an engine, in terms of ease in handling, reducing the undesirable emissions produced when the product is burned, etc


Simply stated, the KEY term and task here is finding an authentic AGO oil product supply or supplier. Or an AGO buyer, as the case may be. Why? This is simply because, today, in the international refined oil products trading market, specially in the so-called “secondary” market, probably the single most fundamental and most difficult common problem which legitimate dealers who seek to find reliable suppliers have, is often NOT so much finding a party who will claim heaven and earth that he/she has the AGO oil product to sell and can supply you the product. Or that he can buy one from you, as the case may be. BUT finding such a party who is actually AUTHENTIC & LEGITIMATE, and can actually DELIVER on the product.


A well-established reality and a given today, is that in world oil deals involving trading in the crude oil and refined petroleum products, specially in the so-called international “secondary” market, probably the single most fundamental and most difficult common problem which legitimate buyers frequently confront today, is the problem of the genuineness and authenticity of the supplier of product and his ability to deliver on the sales offer he presents. Refined petroleum products, such as AGO, D2, Mazut, Jet fuel, etc., are certainly not immune or exempt from such endemic problem that seems to plague the entire secondary market oil trade industry, but rather are, in deed, right in the middle of it.

It’s a problem whose central source can simply be summed up in one word – namely, that not unlike most persons or entities who claim via the Internet to be oil or petroleum products suppliers or “sellers,” most who claim to be suppliers of AGO, as well (or of similar refined oil products, such as the diesel gasoil or Russian D2, Mazut, Jet fuels, and the like), either provide NO proofs or evidence at all of that, or provide proofs or evidence that are often absolutely meaningless because they’re unverified and unverifiable. That is, for the serious or credible Internet petroleum buyer involved in the world oil deals and seriously intent on finding duly verifiable authentic AGO oil product supply or supplier, there are generally just NO such supply or suppliers of the product in the so-called “secondary” market.

Most such serious or genuine AGO buyers (or suppliers, as well, as the case may be) seeking to find equally genuine AGO suppliers (or sellers seeking buyers, when applicable) in the international secondary market, find that the problem is particularly acute and compounded by the fact that almost all “sellers” (or suppliers), or their brokers or intermediaries, that one meets on the Internet, are essentially unknown, unestablished dealers who lack any name, reputation or identity, or any known location on the planet, and lack any record or history of past performance in doing the business. In consequence, a serious AGO buyer, for example, is often being asked – and actually being realistically expected – to, in effect, merely take “the word” of some dubious, anonymous, unidentified and apparently unidentifiable, phantom “seller” or “supplier” for it, with no credible supporting evidence provided, and no verification or authentication whatsoever of the Internet seller’s offer or claims.

In sum, he’s being asked – and actually being expected – to risk, or, rather, to gamble away, his hard-earned mini-fortune of some hundreds of millions of dollars merely on such a “word.”! This, it should be added, is being expected of the buyer in a business environment and climate that is patently awash in fraud and a network of notorious scammers worldwide!


Clearly, then, if you are a real buyer of product seriously intent on finding authentic diesel AGO oil product supply or suppliers (or those of any similar refined oil products, such as the diesel gasoil or Russian D2, Mazut, Jet fuels, and the like) – meaning one that is duly verified and verifiable – probably the most critical, vital, even life-or-death task for you, is that you had better be sure to develop, in some way or manner, a skilled and effective strategy for finding, vetting, selecting out and authenticated suppliers that can provide you reliable steady supply of the product, and which will be scam-free, assured, and long-lasting.


Quite oddly enough, the answer to that question is actually not that complicated or complex. For our limited purposes here, suffice it simply to just say, that there is, in fact, such a methodology, tool and strategy for doing just that long in practical use in the industry. Long in practical use by knowledgeable, experienced and trained eyes and experts, and the successful traders, in the business. If you are, yourself, in fact a provable legitimate trader or authentic practitioner of the petroleum trade (assuming you are actually one) operating in the secondary market, and are truly serious about finding and securing authentic and reliable AGO oil product supply or supplier, or about finding and securing a buyer of equivalent caliber for the product, as the case may be, that’s actually readily within your reach. There’s just really one crucial proviso, only – namely, PROVIDING that you’re equipped with the requisite knowledge, skill, training, tool, methodology and practical experience, by which to undertake the whole process of doing so.

To be sure, true, in today’s world oil deals of the international secondary market, including sourcing for AGO product, which is largely an Internet-dominated world, and is for the most part prevalently awash in fake dealers and scammers, finding duly verified authentic petroleum or automotive gas oil product supply, suppliers and sellers of such caliber (or buyers, just as well), is not ordinary or commonplace. Nor is it at all an easy task to attain. It is, however, by no means impracticable, nor are such suppliers non-existent. Far, far from it! Quite to the contrary, such suppliers abound. It’s only that you just have to search around for such suppliers (or the legitimate buyers, as well, as the case may be) more diligently and skillfully and in the right places from the right sources, and know precisely how and where. That requires, unavoidably, supreme industry knowledge, skills set, training, know-how, connections, precious time expenditure, and experience.